Clifford Young has an MA and PhD from the University of Chicago and a specialization in sample surveys from the University of Michigan. He is pollster and Managing Director of the Public Sector Practice for Ipsos Public Affairs in the US. Clifford is currently responsible for a wide-variety of corporate, non-governmental, and government clients. Young also, manages the Ipsos/Reuters. Before coming to Ipsos Public Affairs North America, Young lived in Brazil for 10 years, and was Managing Director of Ipsos Public Affairs Brazil where he started the practice for Ipsos in 2001. From 2001 to 2007, Young was responsible for a wide-variety of projects from political campaigns to strategic corporate communications research to the assessment of public policy to the analysis of political scenarios for financial sector clients. Young is a member of AAPOR and WAPOR and has published and presented on a wide-variety of polling topics. Prior to Ipsos, Young worked at the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago.